The construction industry has often been described as a high risk industry due to various complexities and difficulties involved in the construction of building and engineering projects. The risks involved may stem from many sources, one of which is the risk associated with unexpected or unforeseen ground conditions on project sites. This is usually where things can go wrong, without the proper understanding, appreciation and management of such risk. Whilst the geo-technicalities associated with ground conditions can be rather complex and often uncertain, the contractual risk associated with it can be a mystery and often cause miseries to many contracting parties, contractors and sub-contractors, in particular.
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